Four Noble Truths (cattāri ariyasaccāni)

 

From the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, the first sermon by the Buddha after His Awakening:

 

  • The First Noble Truth: Suffering/Unsatisfactoriness (dukkha sacca)

– Should be fully understood (pariññeyya)

– Has been fully understood (pariññāta)

This refers to birth, aging, sickness, death, not getting what one wants, separation from loved ones, association with the ones one does not like.

 

  • The Second Noble Truth: Origin of Suffering/Unsatisfactoriness (Dukkha–samudaya sacca)

– Should be abandoned (pahātabba)

– Has been abandoned (pahīna)

Derived from greed, hatred, and ignorance.

 

  • The Third Noble Truth: Cessation of Suffering/Unsatisfactoriness (Dukkha–nirodha sacca)

– Should be realized (sacchikātabba)

– Has been realized (sacchikātabba)

 

  • The Fourth Noble Truth: Path leading to cessation of Suffering/Unsatisfactoriness (Dukkha–nirodha–gaminã–paṭipadā sacca)

 

– Should be cultivated (bhāvetabba)

– Has been cultivated (bhāvita)

Noble Eightfold Path (ariya aṭṭhaṅgika magga)